Trauma Surgery

  • What is Trauma Surgery ?

Trauma surgery is a surgical specialty that utilizes both operative and non-operative management to treat traumatic injuries, typically in an acute setting and normally focuses on the abdominal area along with any given ‘Emergency’ field they may be required to serve upon.

Surgeon generally completes residency training in general surgery and often fellowship training in trauma or surgical critical care. The trauma surgeon is responsible for initially resuscitating and stabilizing and later evaluating and managing the patient.

Trauma Explained

It is the injuries suffered when a person experiences a blunt force.  You may also hear trauma referred to as a “major trauma.” Many trauma patients are the victims of car crashes, stabbings and gunshot wounds. Trauma can also be caused by falls, crush type injuries and pedestrians being struck by a car.

Traumatic injuries can affect internal organs, bones, the brain, and the other soft tissues of the body.  No area of the body is immune to trauma, but trauma can range from minor (hitting your finger with a hammer) to major (being hit by a car traveling at a high rate of speed or falling off of a building).

Who Performs Trauma Surgery

In the case of severe trauma, such as a catastrophic car crash, the trauma surgeon may be one part of a surgical team that includes general surgeons (to repair internal abdominal injuries) vascular surgeons (to repair damage to blood vessels), orthopedic surgeons (to repair broken bones) and other surgeons as needed.

For surgeons, extensive education is required in order to practice in their chosen field.  For general surgeons, 5 years of surgical training as a residency is required. For surgeons who want to specialize, the same five-year residency is completed, followed by additional years of training in the area of specialization.